Analysis of 169 targets under SDGs (134)

17 SDGs.png

The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development covers 17 goals, the 15th of which is “Life on Land,” namely: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.


Under this major goal, there are 12 targets, the 15.8 of which is “By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.”

●Current Situation

The World

Species invasion causes environmental and economic losses worldwideias不良影响.png

Image source: International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Alien or non-native species are animals, plants or other organisms introduced by humans, either intentionally or accidentally, into areas outside their natural range. Some of these species become established and negatively impact native biodiversity. These species are classified as invasive alien species (IAS).

Due to the increase in the movement of people and goods around the world, and with new trade routes opening and enhanced transportation, the number of species being introduced into new areas is rising. A 2017 study in the journal Nature Communications found that over one third of introductions in the past 200 years occurred after 1970.

According to The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, IAS are one of the top causes of biodiversity loss and the second most common cause of species extinctions. The brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis), for example, is responsible for the extinction of 10 bird species on the island of Guam where it was introduced in the 1940s. IAS also constitute the most significant threat to natural World Heritage sites, affecting 68 out of 241 sites, according to the IUCN World Heritage Outlook.

IAS impacts go beyond biodiversity and also seriously affect economic activities, livelihoods, food security, and human health and well-being. IAS risk undermining progress towards achieving 10 of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Though the scale of the socio-economic costs associated with IAS is poorly understood, it is estimated that the direct impacts of IAS and their management cost the global economy billions of US dollars annually. It is estimated that IAS cost the EU at least 12.5 billion euros a year, and Australia at least 13.6 billion Australian dollars a year. Invasive alien insects alone, due to their impacts on agriculture and forestry, cost at least US$70 billion a year globally. The global cost of controlling invasive freshwater biofouling animals, such as the zebra and quagga mussels which accumulate on wetted surfaces in electric power generation and water treatment facilities, is estimated at more than US$277 million a year.

Source: International Union for Conservation of Nature


Invasive species pose threats to China's ecology and economy


Image source: Xinhuanet

According to the 2020 China Ecological Environment Status Bulletin issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China, more than 660 invasive alien species have been discovered in China, 71 of which have caused substantial damage to the natural ecological environment of the invaded area, and are included in the List of Invasive Alien Species in China. More than 200 species have invaded several national nature reserves, posing threats to the ecological environment and species in these reserves. Statistics show that invasive species cause direct economic losses of more than 200 billion yuan every year.

Source: Sina, Legal Daily


The World

AMBULANT Project of AquaBioTech Group


Image source: AquaBioTech Group

AquaBioTech Group is an international consulting company, undertaking a variety of aquaculture, fisheries, and aquatic environmental projects through its regional offices and selected partners throughout the world.

AutonoMous Bio-mimetic Underwater vehicLe for digitAl cage moNiToring (AMBULANT) has an intention to create a biomimetic robot with an intelligent monitoring system for identifying seabed habitats, as well as fish and their biomass in aquaculture. This would be a transformation and upgrade of traditional aquaculture, as the technologies used until now put distress on the living organisms because of their frightening appearance, loud noise and poor concealment. Biomimetic, in this case, means it will physically appear and move as a fish.

These robots have high efficiency, high practicality and low disturbance towards fish stocks. They will support environmental protection of commercially important species and detect endangered and invasive species. In aquaculture, it will improve fish welfare and monitoring of risk factor, reduce inefficiency in the farming process, as well as further develop monitoring technology, which will lead to economic growth.

One goal of AMBULANT is to develop and construct an automated benthic detection and identification system of key marine features (endangered species, invasive species, benthos type, lost or damaged maritime infrastructure) through machine learning, machine vision prototypes and artificial neural networks.

Source: AquaBioTech Group

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)


Image source: Global Invasive Species Database

The Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) is a free, online searchable source of information about alien and invasive species that negatively impact biodiversity. The GISD aims to increase public awareness about invasive species and to facilitate effective prevention and management activities by disseminating specialist’s knowledge and experience to a broad global audience. It focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and natural areas and covers taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants.

The Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival Commission. It was developed between 1998 and 2000 as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the erstwhile Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP).

Source: Global Invasive Species Database


Pak Nai project of The Nature Conservancy


Image source: The Nature Conservancy

The Nature Conservancy (TNC), founded in 1951, is one of the largest non-profit environmental conservation organizations in the world. It has been dedicated to protecting ecologically important lands and waters globally, preserving natural environments, and enhancing human well-being.

In 2021, with the support from the Swire Trust, Marine Conservation Enhancement Fund (MCEF) and local community partners, TNC launched a new project: Managing Pak Nai’s Ecologically Important Habitats to Preserve its Natural Beauty and Sensitive Biodiversity.

In Hong Kong, Pak Nai is an ecological hotspot where endangered horseshoe crab and seagrass species can be found. However, Pak Nai is currently statutorily unprotected and unmanaged, leaving it exposed to increasing threats such as unsustainable tourism and rampant spreading of invasive species.

The following are the contents of the project:

1. To conduct scientific research and ecological monitoring such as sediment research, habitat mappings and horseshoe crab monitoring;

2. To carry out active conservation management work such as reconfiguring abandoned oyster farms, removal of invasive cordgrass and clearing of aquaculture debris and marine litter;

3. To promote sustainable tourism behavior and increase public awareness of oyster reefs through school sharing, public talks, educational tours, university ambassador trainings, educational panels set-up and community meetings with local stakeholders.

As of November 2022, TNC and volunteers have restored more than 2200 square meters of abandoned oyster farms, removed 1200 square meters of invasive cordgrass pitches and removed 600kg of aquaculture debris and marine litter in Pak Nai.

Source: The Nature Conservancy

Yantian District of Shenzhen holds Ecological Day promotional event


Image source: Ecology Environment Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality

On August 15, 2023, the Yantian District government held its first ecological day promotional event at the Vanke Center in Dameisha. The event was jointly organized by the Yantian Management Bureau of the Ecology Environment Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality, the Yantian District Development and Reform Bureau, the Meisha Subdistrict Office, Vanke Foundation, DeepRock Net Zero Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., and Shenzhen Guanghuiyuan Environmental Water Co., Ltd.

The event included activities such as visiting co-built gardens, visiting the Meisha Inner Lake Wetland Ecological Park project, visiting a Hermetia illucens kitchen waste treatment room, and rock climbing under the theme of environment and health. The event invited residents to engage in ecological restoration activities against invasive species and to learn about the practical application of Hermetia illucens as aa biological treatment technology for organic waste.

Source: Ecology Environment Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality,


Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) initiated by the United Nations

On January 1, 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including 169 targets, of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force. Countries will mobilize efforts to end forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change while ensuring that no one is left behind.